Peru’s digital ecosystem is one of many contrasts. While it was one of the first countries in Latin America to establish a permanent connection to the internet in the early 1990s, bringing connectivity to Peruvians in rural and Amazonian regions remains a challenge. Policy implementation capacity gaps and administration changes slow efforts to remedy digital divides and to ensure important safeguards are in place. Civil society organizations’ (CSOs) support for the protection of digital rights is fragmented and small-scale due to a lack of technical capacity and resources. While Peru was one of the first in the region to enact an electronic money law in 2013, the marketplaces for digital financial services, e-commerce, and digital talent are Lima-centric and dominated by commercial banks.